Training and development is vital part of the human resource management concerned with organizational activity aimed at bettering the performance of individuals and groups in organizational settings. It is assuming ever important role in wake of the advancement of technology which has resulted in ever increasing competition, rise in customer’s expectation of quality and service and a subsequent need to lower costs. It is also become more important globally in order to prepare workers for new jobs.
Noted management author Peter Drucker said that the fastest growing industry would be training and development as a result of replacement of industrial workers with knowledge workers
Implementation of formal training and development programs offers several potential advantages to businesses. For example, training helps companies create pools of qualified replacements for employees who may leave or be promoted to positions of greater responsibility. It also helps ensure that companies will have the human resources needed to support business growth and expansion. Furthermore, training can enable a small business to make use of advanced technology and to adapt to a rapidly changing competitive environment. Finally, training can improve employees’ efficiency and motivation, leading to gains in both productivity and job satisfaction.
Effective training and development begins with the overall strategy and objectives of the small business. The entire training process should be planned in advance with specific company goals in mind. In developing a training strategy, it may be helpful to assess the company’s customers and competitors, strengths and weaknesses, and any relevant industry or societal trends. The next step is to use this information to identify where training is needed by the organization as a whole or by individual employees. It may also be helpful to conduct an internal audit to find general areas that might benefit from training, or to complete a skills inventory to determine the types of skills employees possess and the types they may need in the future. Each different job within the company should be broken down on a task-by-task basis in order to help determine the content of the training program.
Why do I think training and development is so important?
Most employees have certain weaknesses in their workplace, which affects organization from giving the best services. Training helps them in eliminating these weaknesses, by strengthening their skills. A well organized development program helps employees gain similar skills and knowledge, thus bringing them all to a higher uniform level.
A well organized training and development program gives the employees constant knowledge and experience. Consistency is very crucial when it comes to an organization’s procedures and policies. This mostly includes administrative procedures and ethics during execution of duty.
Through training and development the employee acquires all the knowledge and skills needed in their day to day tasks. Employees can perform at a faster rate and with efficiency thus increasing overall productivity of the company. They also gain new tactics of overcoming challenges when they face them. This also helps in reducing cost of production.
Employees gain standard methods to use in their tasks. They are also able to maintain uniformity in the output they give. This results with a company that gives satisfying services or goods.
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